Chronic Exertional Compartment

Compartment syndrome is a painful condition that occurs when pressure builds in the muscles to a point that restricts blood flow.

Causes & Symptoms

Compartment syndrome can be divided into two catagories, acute and chronic. Acute compartment syndrome often occurs due to trauma and is a medical emergency. Chronic compartment syndrome, known as exertional compartment syndrome occurs over time and is caused by and directly correlated with exertion. This pain stops with rest.

Evaluation & Treatment

The evaluation of chronic compartment syndrome begins with a medical history, physical examination, and x-rays to rule out other conditions such as a stress fracture. Occasionally compartment testing during activity may be done. Treatment includes physical therapy, orthotics, anti-inflammatory medication, and rarely surgical release.